Agra is a metropolitan district and tehsil of the state of Uttar Pradesh, situated on the banks of the Yamuna River. Agra is a historical city. The history of Agra is known originally from the Mughal period but the city of Agra was settled by Sikandar Lodi in 1507. Agra was the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1526 to 1658. Even today, Agra is a famous tourist destination. Agra tour offers you wonderful monuments built by the Mughals, such as the Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Fatehpur Sikri.
Trains will be available from all major cities to Agra. If the train is not available from your city, then you first go to Delhi. It is at a distance of 212 km from Delhi. from here the train runs regularly to destination. From Delhi, you will reach in 3-4 hours. If you want to go by car or bus from Delhi, then it will take 2-3 hours from Yamuna Expressway.
This monument considered to be the wonder of the world is the pride of India. Of all the Begums of Shah Jahan, Mumtaz was her much loved Begum. His Persian Begum Mumtaz died while giving birth to her 14th child. This is a reflection of a love that is exemplified all over the world,
built by Shah Jahan in memory of his begum Mumtaaj in Agra.
People from all over the world have a desire to see this symbol of love. Which is located on the river Yamuna.
historical heritage in her memory in Agra,
The tenure of Shah Jahan’s rule was from the year 1627 to 1658. In 1632, Shah Jahan’s conquests in 1732 were spread in all four directions. The construction work of the Taj Mahal started in 1632,
Shah Jahan wanted to remember the entire world of Mumtaz and his love story, hence he wanted to build some historical heritage in her memory. in which the Taj Mahal was built in Agra.
It is a world heritage site on the banks of river Yamuna in Agra city. The entire construction of the Taj Mahal was finished in 1643. Yet another ten years of work were done to further enhance its beauty. It cost about thirty-two million to make it. 25 thousand artisans were used to make this amazing wonder. Ustad Ahmad Lahori is considered to be the head of the construction work of this heritage.
Every year 6-10 people visit the Taj Mahal. The Taj Mahal was built keeping in mind the Persian and Mughal traditions. In ancient times buildings were constructed with red sandstones while Shahinsha Shah Jahan had decided to build the Taj Mahal with white marble, which further enhanced the beauty of the Taj Mahal.
Mumtaz tomb Taj mahal, Agra
Mumtaz’s tomb is in the center of the Taj Mahal, which is made of large and white marble keeping in view the Muslim tradition and is also very ornate. The base of his grave is made up of 55 meters long. Both the base of his grave and the embellished rope above are studded with precious stones and jewels. Shah Jahan’s tomb is to the south of Mumtaz’s tomb. The workers who built this memorial had their hands cut off after construction. So that such artwork cannot be created again. In this, crossing the boundaries of religion, culture, and geography, personal and emotional response has been made from the hearts of people. People consider it a sign of the love of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz.
Agra tour offers breathtaking historical remembrance of Mughals.
The difference between Agra Fort and the Taj Mahal is only 2.5 km. Agra Fort is also known as Lal Kila because it is made of red sandstone. Its history is associated with many Mughal rulers. The first battle of Panipat took place in 1526 when Babur defeated Sikandar Lodi and after that, he lived in the fort of Agra. This fort was made of brick only. In 1530 Humayu was made the third emperor of the Mughal Empire. Then Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri in 1540 and Sher Shah Suri ruled the fort for 15 years. Humayun again established his rule by defeating Sher Shah Suri in 1555.
Construction of fort
A lot of rulers built this fort, but the fort which is currently seen was built by Akbar in 7 years between 1565 and 1573. This fort is spread over 79 acres and the fort walls are 60 feet high. Within this fort, 3 mosques are situated, which are known as Moti Masjid, Meena Masjid and Nagina Mosque.
There are 4 entrances in Agra Fort, the most prominent of which is Delhi Gate, the second one is Lahore Gate which is also called Amar Singh Gate which was named after Amar Singh Rathod. And the third water gate which has been closed in the present.
Agra Fort has many other historical sites which encourage us to pack the bags and plan Agra tour.
Jahangir’s Hauz Used for Bathing which is 5 feet high, 25 feet in circumference, and 8 feet in diameter.
Shahjahani Palace, Ghaznin Gate is prominently associated with Mahmud Ghaznavi at Ghazni.
Jahangir’s Chain of Justice, This is the place where King Jahangir built the chain of justice ‘(Zanjir-i-Adl) in 1507. Shish Mahal It was built by Shah Jahan as a summer palace. In view of the beautiful sculpture of this fort, it was included in the National Heritage by UNESCO in 1973.
In ancient times, it was known as Vijaypur Sikri. But in 1569, Emperor Akbar conquered it tightly. From 1561 to 1585 Fatehpur Sikri was the Rajdhani of the Mughal Empire. Emperor Abkar, after conquering Chittor and Ranthambore, thought of shifting his capital to Sufi saint Salim Chisti, 23 miles away. The king made plans to build a new city, which took 15 years. Akbar named the new city Fatehabad which means victory. Later the name was changed to Fatehpur Sikri.
According to history, Akbar went to the Dargah of Khwaja Mohiddun Chisti to get children and he met Fakir Sufi saint Salim Chisti there. After some time, Akbar’s wife Jodhabai became pregnant, they gave birth to a son. Happy with the birth of his son, Akbar decided that where my son is born, he will settle in a new city. Then the plan to build Fatehpur Sikri started.victory. Later the name was changed to Fatehpur Sikri. Let us explore some historical constructions inside Fateh Pur Sikri in Agra.
Buland darvaja is the largest building here, whose height is 280 feet from the ground. It was built in 1802 by the emperor after conquering Gujarat.
Divan e Khas or hall of the private audience can also be called. This is the place where the Mughal emperor used to welcome his courtiers and guests of the state. The idea was used to exchange. It was also called the Shah Mahal.
Divan e aam used to communicate with the public here, this was the suggestion of their troubles and quarrels.
The Khwab Mahal used to hold a festival of dance and music here in the evening. There is also a beautiful stage in the palace, it is said that on this stage there used to be a strong music competition between Tansen and Baiju Bawra.
Panch Mahals This five-story building was used for luxury and entertainment by the women living in the royal harem. The quality of this palace is that it has a total of 14 pillars on the basis of which this building stands. A different artwork is available on the pillars.
Sufi saint Salim Chisti The tomb of Saint Salim Chisti is seen as soon as you go inside from Buland Darwaza. The construction of his tomb was completed in 1581, which was done by white marble. People of different religions come here, and take a vow to tie a red thread on the carved window here.
Jodha Bai’s Palace This palace was for the stay of Badshah Akbar’s Hindu queen, which is two-storeyed from the inside. In this palace, you can see the display of special craftsmanship of Hindu and Muslim artists.
I hope you enjoyed reading info for the Agra tour. So let’s gather your friends and family to this historic Agra tour.
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